What are the risk factors for anesthesia emergence delirium in pediatric outpatient surgery patients?

A study, published in Europe PMC, examined risk factors associated with anesthesia emergence delirium in pediatric patients that underwent outpatient surgery.

Márcio Augusto Tavares Paes Barreto, MD, of Recife, Brazil-based Instituto de Medicina Integral, and colleagues attempted to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with anesthesia delirium in pediatric patients.

Researchers performed a prospective observational study on 100 children between the ages of 2 and 10 years old.

Delirium and pain were observed in 27 percent and 20 percent of the children, respectively.

Researchers found that postoperative pain after Poisson's regression was associated with anesthesia emergence delirium. This association had a prevalence ratio of 3.91.

Researchers concluded, "The present study showed 27 percent prevalence of anesthesia emergence delirium in the study population. The incidence of anesthesia emergence delirium was higher in children who had postoperative pain."

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