Type 2 diabetes up 4.8% in US youth: 5 key points

Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes rates are climbing among America's youth, according to MedPage Today.

Elizabeth J. Mayer-Davis, PhD, chair of the nutrition department at the University of North Carolina Gillings School of Public Health in Chapel Hill, led the study analyzing diabetes. Researchers identified 2,846 U.S. youth with type 2 diabetes between ages 10 to 19 and 11,245 individuals with type 1 diabetes from zero to 19 years old.

Here are five key points:

1. Between 2002 and 2012, type 2 diabetes increased 4.8 percent annually among U.S. youth.

2. Type 1 diabetes rates jumped 1.8 percent annually in that time frame.

3. Hispanic girls and non-Hispanic black boys showed an uptick in obesity prevalence during the study period, although researchers did not note a significant increase in obesity prevalence during the study period for all U.S. youth.

4. Dr. Mayer-Davis referred to diabetes among youth as a "substantial clinical and public health burden," MedPage Today reports.

5. The study authors said a limitation included the low incidence rates for type 1 diabetes among Native Americans and type 2 diabetes among non-Hispanic white youth in the study. Based on this limitation, they concluded more analyses of these populations are needed to assess long-term trends.

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