Study: CHG Bath Reduces Likelihood of Bloodstream Infections by 36% in Children

Children bathed daily with chlorhexidine gluconate were 36 percent less likely to have a bloodstream infection compared with children bathed using standard practices, according to a study in The Lancet.

Researchers studied 10 pediatric intensive care units at five U.S. hospitals. For six months, the units were randomly assigned either the standard bathing routine or bathing using a cloth impregnated with 2 percent CHG for patients older than two months. For a second six-month period, the units switched to the alternative bathing method.

Of nearly 5,000 admissions, an intention-to-treat analysis showed a non-significant decrease in incidence of bacteremia with CHG bathing compared with standard bathing. However, a per-protocol analysis showed a significant difference in bacteremia incidence. Children who were bathed with the CHG-impregnated cloth had a 36 percent lower risk of bloodstream infections compared with children who were bathed with the standard routine, according to a Science Daily report.

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