Study: Better Hand Hygiene Didn't Alter C. diff, MRSA Rates

While the rate of hand hygiene compliance at Ontario, Canada, hospitals increased from 2008 to 2011, the rate of two healthcare-associated infections did not significantly decrease, according to a study in Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology.

The author analyzed hand hygiene compliance rate changes and the corresponding change in rates of Clostridium difficile infection and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia at 166 acute-care hospitals in Ontario from October 2008 through December 2011.

Hand hygiene compliance rates both before and after contact with the environment and patient increased every year from 2008 to 2011. However, the rate of MRSA bacteremia did not change during that time period. While CDI rates decreased in 2009, they did not significantly decrease in 2010 or 2011.

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