8 facts about Meningococcal disease outbreak in Chicago

A small but serious invasive meningococcal disease outbreak has been declared by the Chicago Department of Health.

Here are eight facts about the outbreak:

1. The Chicago Department of Health held a press conference Wednesday about a meningococcal disease outbreak.

2. The press conference was held after determining three reported cases have been discovered coming from the same strain within the last three weeks.

3. The Chicago Department of Health has found the outbreak tied specifically to sexually active gay men who engage with men living with HIV, sexually active men having sex with anonymous partners or who are using online hook-up apps to meet other men.

4. This strain of meningococcal disease is spread through intimate contact with saliva including kissing, sharing drinks or even sharing a cigarette.

5. In addition to saliva, this strain may also be transmitted through sex.

6. Meningococcal disease can cause serious diseases such as meningitis or blood stream infections.

7. If left untreated, meningococcal disease may lead to death.

8. Symptoms of meningococcal disease include fever, headache and stiff neck. Other symptoms may include vomiting, increased sensitivity to light and nausea. 

For more articles on infection control:

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The Dirt on Endoscopes and CRE

35 new cases of Ebola, says WHO: 5 things to know on latest outbreaks

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