Gender breakdown of active physicians in 36 specialties

In 2015, approximately 114,089 physicians specialized in internal medicine making it the leading specialty among active physicians. Of all active physicians in the U.S., 567,845 physicians were male and 292,003 were female.

Here are 70 statistics on male and female active physicians by specialty, according to the AAMC 2016 Physician Specialty Data Book.

Allergy & immunology
Male physicians: 2,953 (63.8 percent)
Female physicians: 1,675 (36.2 percent)

Anatomic/clinical pathology
Male physicians: 8,408 (63.3 percent)
Female physicians: 1,675 (36.2 percent)

Anesthesiology
Male physicians: 31,030 (75.1 percent)
Female physicians: 10,276 (24.9 percent)

Cardiovascular disease
Male physicians: 19,130 (86.8 percent)
Female physicians:2,908 (13.2 percent)

Child and adolescent psychiatry
Male physicians: 4,212 (48.2 percent)
Female physicians: 4,519 (51.8 percent)

Dermatology
Male physicians: 6,182 (52.9 percent)
Female physicians: 5,514 (47.1 percent)

Emergency medicine
Male physicians: 29,038 (73.4 percent)
Female physicians: 10,509 (26.6 percent)

Endocrinology, diabetes and metabolism
Male physicians: 3,726 (53.6 percent)
Female physicians: 3,231 (46.4 percent)

Family medicine/general practice
Male physicians: 68,442 (61.6 percent)
Female physicians: 42,685 (38.4 percent)

Gastroenterology
Male physicians: 11,800 (83.6 percent)
Female physicians: 2,307 (16.4 percent)

General surgery
Male physicians: 20,398 (80.8 percent)
Female physicians: 4,835 (19.2 percent)

Geriatric medicine
Male physicians: 2,548 (48.8 percent)
Female physicians: 2,673 (51.2 percent)

Hematology and oncology
Male physicians: 9,846 (68.1 percent)
Female physicians: 4,611 (31.9 percent)

Infectious disease
Male physicians: 5,130 (60.3 percent)
Female physicians: 3,371 (39.7 percent)

Internal medicine
Male physicians: 71,920 (63.2 percent)
Female physicians: 41,951 (36.8 percent)

Internal medicine/pediatrics
Male physicians: 2,338 (48.3 percent)
Female physicians: 2,500 (51.7 percent)

Neonatal-perinatal medicine
Male physicians: 2,626 (50.6 percent)
Female physicians: 2,566 (49.4 percent)

Nephrology
Male physicians: 7,319 (72.7 percent)
Female physicians: 2,751 (27.3 percent)

Neurological surgery
Male physicians: 4,924 (92.2 percent)
Female physicians: 419 (7.8 percent)

Obstetrics and gynecology
Male physicians: 18,861 (45.5 percent)
Female physicians: 22,585 (54.5 percent)

Ophthalmology
Male physicians: 14,148 (76.1 percent)
Female physicians: 4,436 (23.9 percent)

Orthopedic surgery
Male physicians: 18,191 (95 percent)
Female physicians: 951 (5 percent)

Otolaryngology
Male physicians: 7,920 (84.2 percent)
Female physicians: 1,485 (15.8 percent)

Pediatrics
Male physicians: 21,918 (38.1 percent)
Female physicians: 35,573 (61.9 percent)

Physical medicine and rehabilitation
Male physicians: 5,933 (64.9 percent)
Female physicians: 3,204 (35.1 percent)

Plastic surgery
Male physicians: 5,967 (85 percent)
Female physicians: 1,050 (15 percent)

Preventative medicine
Male physicians: 4,428 (67.2 percent)
Female physicians: 2,160 (32.8 percent)

Psychiatry
Male physicians: 23,382 (62 percent)
Female physicians: 14,334 (38 percent)

Pulmonary disease and critical care medicine
Male physicians: 4,865 (88.8 percent)
Female physicians: 615 (11.2 percent)

Radiation oncology
Male physicians: 3,533 (72.9 percent)
Female physicians: 1,312 (27.1 percent)

Radiology and diagnostic radiology
Male physicians: 20,706 (75.3 percent)
Female physicians: 6,799 (24.7 percent)

Rheumatology
Male physicians: 3,221 (57.5 percent)
Female physicians: 2.378 (42.5 percent)

Thoracic surgery
Male physicians: 4,213 (94 percent)
Female physicians: 271 (6 percent)

Urology
Male physicians: 9,024 (92 percent)
Female physicians: 780 (8 percent)

Vascular surgery
Male physicians: 2,977 (88.7 percent)
Female physicians: 379 (11.3 percent)

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