Regional Anesthesia Reduces Mortality, Length of Stay in Hip Fracture Patients, Study Finds

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Patients receiving regional anesthesia during hip fracture surgery had moderately lower mortality and a significantly lower length of stay than those who received general anesthesia, according to research published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Researchers compared anesthesia technique with 30-day mortality rate and length of stay among 56,729 patients, all over age 50, who were hospitalized with a hip fracture diagnosis between 2004 and 2011. Of these, 15,904 received regional anesthesia and 40,825 received general anesthesia during surgery.

According to the study 30-day mortality was 5.3 percent for regional anesthesia patients as compared to 5.4 percent for general anesthesia patients. However, regional anesthesia was associated with a six day length-of-stay versus 6.3 days in patients who received general anesthesia.

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